How to Earn a Black Belt…In Front of the Conveyor Belt

A version of this post also appears on Matador Network.

When it comes to the cuisine of Japan, it’s difficult to think of a food more deeply ingrained in the culinary image than sushi. It’s almost instinctual to think of tiny handfuls of rice carefully molded and topped by slabs of freshly cut, glistening fish. The art of sushi – because it truly is an art as much as it is a type of food – is basically synonymous with Japan itself, and there’s a good reason for that: its clean flavors, wildly varying textures, and beautiful colors perfectly represents the pure values and exotic details of Japanese society and traditions.

But not all sushi restaurants, as you can imagine, feature a few sushi masters slicing and dicing cuts of flounder, salmon, and tuna for a counter of customers. While that experience is absolutely not one to be missed, if you’re ever in Japan, definitely make it a priority to experience conveyor belt sushi. If sushi restaurants were a family, 回転寿司 (kaiten-zushi) would absolutely be the fun-loving, laidback youngest brother. It combines one of Japan’s finest culinary styles with the user-friendly convenience that permeates the society. (And it’s cheap, to boot!)

One of the many perks to kaiten-zushi dining is that you can scrape by without any extensive knowledge of Japanese. That being said, however, it still helps to know some basic tricks of the trade to get the most out of your meal.

Get settled in. First thing’s first: when you sit down for conveyor belt sushi, don’t just start grabbing plates. Whatever restaurant you go to, you’ll probably be greeted with a setup similar to this.

A typical counter setup
A typical counter setup

That spigot in the middle is for hot water, and the brown wooden container to the left of it contains green tea powder. You’ll be provided with ceramic mugs; load a spoonful or two of powder into the mug, fill it up with hot water, and you’re set for drinks. Grab a pair of chopsticks and an お絞り(oshiburi, moist towel), and load up two small dishes with soy sauce and ガリ (gari, pickled ginger), which is in the black container to the right of the spigot. If you’re a fan of わさび (wasabi), don’t be afraid to ask one of the chefs for some extra.

Pay attention to your plates. Once you’ve assembled your arsenal, start loading up on plates. Some chains, like Kappa Sushi and Otaru Zushi, have a set price of 100円 for all plates. Others, like Kantaro Sushi (my personal preference), have different styles of plates that correlate to different tiers of pricing. There will probably be a key of sorts at your table, so before you grab five of those silver plates, make sure they’re not 500円 each. Some restaurants have plates with computerized chips that can be read with a handheld scanner, but if an attendant counts up your plates when you’ve finished, stack them according to type as a common courtesy.

A standard plate pricing guide. (Source:
A standard plate pricing guide. (Source:

Soy sauce and rice don’t mix. In my opinion, most sushi doesn’t need overly salty soy sauce for the best flavor. But if you’re a fan, just cover the fish in it, not the rice. Take the fish off of the rice with your chopsticks, dip it in the soy sauce, and then put it back. Trying to dip the entire thing will likely just end in losing half of your rice and ending up with soy sauce soup.

Use the ガリ right. Pickled ginger isn’t actually meant as a garnish for your sushi. Instead, it’s to be used to cleanse your palate in between dishes. It ensures that flavors of vastly different sushi (like the very fishy yellowtail and the more subtle red snapper) don’t clash. Feel free to munch on it to your heart’s content between your flounder and your tuna, but don’t use it as a topping.

If it’s hot, crunchy, broiled, or fried, order it fresh. Lots of dishes offered at 回転寿司 aren’t just the standard sushi cuts. You can order anything from fried octopus to hot pumpkin pudding.

For certain hot offerings, only the placard circulates on the belt. You'll have to order one from a chef.
For certain hot offerings (like the pumpkin pudding I mentioned), only the placard circulates on the belt. You’ll have to order one from a chef.

One of my absolute favorite dishes is 炙り (aburi, broiled) salmon. It’s smooth, buttery, and warm on top and still raw underneath…but more than one rotation on the belt turns it cold, oily, and tasting like butane. I doesn’t matter if there are five of them circulating…I’ll still order one fresh to ensure it tastes the best. And something like 唐揚げ (karaage, fried chicken) or shrimp tempura can end up limp or soggy after only a few minutes. If your dish of choice is broiled, covered in a crunchy coating, or deep fried (basically, if it isn’t traditional sushi), abandon the belt and order that sucker fresh.

Salivary glands activated.
Salivary glands activated…but only if the aburi salmon is fresh.

If you don’t see what you like, don’t be afraid to order it. Just because you don’t see something on the belt doesn’t mean that it’s unavailable. Don’t feel limited to eating only what you see. My favorite sushi cuts are ほたて (hotate, scallop) and 穴子 (anago, conger eel), but I rarely see either of them on the belt, so I don’t have any qualms about flagging a chef down and ordering what I want. Some restaurants, like Kappa Sushi, have computerized ordering screens. At Kappa, your order even arrives at your table on a miniature, cutely kitsch train.

When in doubt, order fatty. とろ (toro) means a “fatty” cut of まぐろ (maguro, tuna), and in this case, fatty means “delicious.” If you see it on the cards marking plates of tuna on the belt, it means the meat is a higher quality. とろ is usually a bit more expensive, but it’s definitely worth it, as the meat just melts in your mouth.  If you’re going to splurge on one of the more expensive plates, make it this one.

Go when it’s busy. It might seem counterintuitive, but you’ll have the highest quality meal when the restaurant is busiest. A ton of diners means that the sushi on the belt has a very quick turnover, which translates to you getting fresh cuts. Going when it’s nearly empty means that the belt will be mostly clear (Why load it up when there’s no one there to eat the food?) and that the sushi that is there will have been sitting under the lights for ages. Plus, the atmosphere in a bustling 回転寿司 joint, with people calling out orders and the sushi chefs working together like a well-oiled machine, is simply a blast to join.


34 thoughts on “How to Earn a Black Belt…In Front of the Conveyor Belt”

  1. Alex, What a great post! These situations can be totally intimidating and you completely demystified the process. Thanks. And let me be the first to congratulate you on being Freshly Pressed! You so deserve it. All the best, Terri


  2. I went to a restaurant that had conveyor belt sushi when I visited Japan a couple years ago. It was such a neat experience! That picture of the aburi salmon is definitely drool worthy! Thanks for sharing.


  3. Wow, thanks. I love getting the lowdown in the beginning so I can get the best highs* later on. This is an awesome sushi instructional.

    To return the favor, if you ever find yourself breezing through Portland, Oregon, I’m an enthusiastic sharer of the hidden treasures of a city and its surrounds. Especially its surrounds.

    *I’m still topping my sushi with pickled ginger. The stuff is freakin’ addictive.


  4. Great article, and nice to see a fellow JET on Freshly Pressed! I never know how articles about Japan are going to go, so I was glad to see one from someone living here who knows about the culture. Your description was also really great. In Kanazawa, we typically to to kaitenzushi and then just order from the menu instead of using the belt at all. 😉 I also write about food culture and Japan sometimes, so have a look if you’re interested!


  5. This post has just fueled my desperate craving for sushi! The last time I went to a ‘sushi train’ restaurant my boyfriend and I had so much fun trying new sushi varieties we ended up spending way more than we thought – but it was worth EVERY penny! Sushi is probably one of the best things in life. Great post 🙂


  6. Yum! I love sushi and hotate is my favourite too 🙂 I have never had sushi in Japan but the ones here in Australia aren’t too bad. Some great sushi tips. Congrats on being FPd


  7. Thanks for the advice, it’s always fun to jump into a new experience blind and flounder around a bit, but having a leg up makes it easier to jump into the next level of new adventure. Thanks for sharing.


  8. Pretty cool. Makes me want to get on youtube and type this in just to see what one looks like in actual motion. Loved your photos and details. ;o)


  9. This is super cool. Makes me want to get on youtube and type this in to see this in actual motion. I love your details and photos. Great job!


  10. I’m a huge fan of ordering fresh, despite what is going around and around in front of me.
    The best sashimi I’ve ever had was when we speared our own fish and ate it as sashimi straight away. So so good. You just can’t beat that!


  11. wow, where is that restaurant at? It’s new stuff for me .The kaiten-zushi in CA I’ve been to don’t have that sort of arsenal. The sushi aren’t so pretty to look at sob2


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